A Study on the Effect of Granular Residual in the Banking Network on the Transmission of Monetary Policy through Lending Channel



Granular residual is created in the banking network when there are a few large banks with many small banks. In this case, the effect of the shocks on each bank not lost in total that can lead to macro-economic consequences. The transmission of monetary policy through change in bank facilities is one of the key mechanisms affecting monetary policies. The power of transmission of monetary policy mechanism is highly dependent on the specific characteristics of the banking network. Thus, the importance of granular residual and considering it on transmission of monetary policy in the banking network is important. The purpose of the present study is the effect of granular residual in Iran's banking network on the transmission of monetary policy through lending channel. Indeed, the granular residual was imported in this study as a independent variable that can effect on bank facilities and lending channel.  Therefore, in the present study, the balance sheet data of 32 banks from the banking network for the period 2001-2014 were used.Themodel used in this study was estimated through the Generalized Method of Moments (GMM). The results showed that in the first, according to available theories in relation to the granular residual and conducting relevant empirical analyses, the presence of granular residual in Iran's banking network is confirmed. Also as expected, granular residual has a positive and significant effect on Iran's banking network facilities and the transmission of monetary policy through lending channel is weakened by increasing the granular impacts.